Bayard, West Virginia, located in Grant County along the North Branch Potomac River at Elk Run, was served by the West Virginia Central & Pittsburg Railway (WVC&P). The community, named in honor of Thomas F. Bayard, Jr., who later became a United States Senator from Delaware, serving from 1923 to 1929, was founded in 1893. Located within Bayard was the Emmons Coal Mining Company, the Middlesex Company tannery and the Buffalo Lumber Company.1