Olive Hill Fire Brick Company - Abandoned by Sherman Cahal

Olive Hill Fire Brick Company

The Olive Hill Fire Brick Company was located in Olive Hill, Kentucky along the Midland Trail.

The plant was constructed by George Carlisle in 1895 and was the first fire brick plant in the Olive Hill District.1 2 3 A mine was opened on Perry’s Branch and a narrow gauge railroad was built to haul to the clay to the plant.3 In 1907, the “Burnt-House” mine opened, which was located about a mile north on Perry’s branch.2 The fire clay, which won first place in the James Town Exposition of 1907, contained a solid bed of fire clay 27 feet thick.

The fire brick plant featured 24 round, down-draft twin kilns with capacities of 70,000 to 80,000 bricks each.2 Four of the kilns were used for burning calcine and 20 were for burning bricks. It required seven days to burn a kiln of bricks, and four of those days were required to get a kiln to a good heat. Fire bricks were shipped to the Pittsburg iron and coke district and to the Michigan and Birmingham iron districts. Others went to steam railroad locomotives.

In 1911, the Olive Hill Fire Brick Company merged with two other plants in Pennsylvania to form the General Refractories Company.3

The introduction of oxygen-induction furnaces caused the demand of refractory brick to wane. The General Refractories plant at Olive Hill closed in 1971.3

The facility was later reused in 1988 for the Consolidated Technology Corporation to build specialized air conditioning and heating systems. One unit provided heating and cooling in a down-flow configuration through floor ducting, an alternative to the electronic furnace and central air systems that were used in manufactured houses.6 The second unit provided increased energy efficiency with a self-contained heat pump that delivered heating and cooling through an up-flow configuration.

On April 1, 2000,6 the Friedrich Air Conditioning Company of San Antonio, Texas, acquired Consolidated.4 Friedrich closed the Olive Hill plant in December 2002.5



  1. Great pictures. My grandfather and great grandfather worked there and its great to be able to see what it looks like.

  2. HI' my name is victor Lyons my Grand father worked there wood you have pic of all the men, at the brick yerd .

  3. Hi!

    In 2012 I visited an old abandoned paper plan and found some Olive Hill bricks in it. I’m presently working on a picture book of old rare bricks. Would you mind if I use some of the information on your web site to improve my section on Olive Hill?


  4. my neice shelby christopher found one of these bricks in their back yard it has a diamond on left side. april 2015

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