Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company Housing

Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company Housing

The Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company (YS&T) offered affordable company housing in Campbell, Ohio. Many of the original concrete townhomes are abandoned while others are being renovated.






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Quality housing, especially to those of southern and eastern European lineage, was hard to come by for YS&T workers in the early 1900’s. 2 3 Following a strike in 1916, the YS&T vowed to construct company-owned housing for the employees. In May 1918, the company established a subsidiary, the Buckeye Land Company, to build townhouses on the Blackburn Plat, a 40-acre tract of hilly land within walking distance of the YS&T Campbell Works. 3

The $250,000 project entailed the construction of 146 reinforced concrete residences designed by Conzelman, Herding & Boyd of St. Louis. 3 The one-, two-, and three-bedroom units were small in comparison to typical apartments to discourage the practice of taking in boarders. A construction contract was awarded to the Unit Construction Company of St. Louis in 1918. A concrete batch plant was situated uphill of the Blackburn Plat. Using a crane, five people were able to assemble a two-story, four-room townhome in a single workday.

An average townhome, which included a bathroom, basement, laundry, and garden plot, cost a worker $15 per month to $20 per month, or about a quarter of their monthly wages. 3 Playgrounds and company stores were scattered among the complex.

The YS&T divested of their company housing in the 1940’s 3 and in 1977, the once bustling Campbell Works closed. The Iron Soup Historical Preservation Company, a non-profit led by Tim Sokoloff, has attempted to preserve the remaining units. 1


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Historic






Sources

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  1. Torisk, Emmalee. “Campbell nonprofit aims to preserve, revive Sheet & Tube housing.” Vindicator [Youngstown] 29 Jul. 2013. Print.
  2. DeBlasio, Donna. “‘A Splendid Place to Live’ Housing and the Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company.” The International Journal of Regional and Local Studies, vol. 1, no. 1, 2007, pp. 30-55.
  3. Esperdy, Gabrielle and Karen Kingsley. “Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company Housing.” SAH Archipedia. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012.

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