Merchants Ice & Cold Storage is a former cold storage facility in the Smoketown neighborhood of Louisville, Kentucky. The complex was originally a part of the Schaefer-Meyer and Frank Fehr breweries.
Schaefer-Meyer Brewing Company
John Zeller founded the Shelby Street Brewery on the corner of Shelby Street and Roselane in 1861. 3 4 Charles A. Schaefer and Adolph Meyer acquired it in 1881, 5 and in 1889, it was re-incorporated as the Schaefer-Meyer Brewing Company. A new, modern brewing plant, designed by Charles D. Meyer, was completed at the corner of Logan and Lampton streets in August 1890, with the first beer delivery in December. The new facility had a capacity of 75,000 barrels of beer per year and included two artificial ice machines, a 50-ton De La Vergne and 25-ton Arctic.
In 1901, Schaefer-Meyer joined with Senn & Ackerman, the Fehr Brewing Company, the Phoenix Brewing Company, and the Nadorff Brewing Company to form the Central Consumers Corporation in a bid to control the local beer market by owning or otherwise controlling the saloons. 3 The saloons were the major retail outlets for beer and typically sold products from only one brewery. The Schaefer-Meyer plant became the Frank Fehr Brewing Company Plant No. 2 in 1911.
Frank Fehr Brewing Company Plant No. 2
The Frank Fehr Brewing Company was founded by Frank Fehr, an Alsatian immigrant, and Otto Brohm on Green Street (today’s Liberty Street) between Preston and Jackson streets in 1872. 3 The site had initially been the William Tell Brewery which was first operated by Andrew Nicholas and Louis Weyd circa 1848 and later by Gerhardt Otto. In the years after Fehr became sole proprietor in 1876, the brewery was expanded several times to become the largest in the state.
The Frank Fehr Brewing Company became a part of the Central Consumers Corporation in 1901. In 1911, it opened a second facility in the former Schaefer-Meyer brewery at Logan and Lampton streets. 3
Prohibition of alcohol consumption began to take root during the 19th century as prohibitionists, led by pietistic Protestants, tied alcoholism to family violence and saloon-based political corruption. Communities nationwide began to introduce alcohol prohibition measures and gained a national grassroots base through the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union and later the Anti-Saloon League. The opposition to prohibition, led by Catholic and German Lutheran communities, was marginalized by the United States’s entry into the First World War against Germany and by a succession of state-wide alcohol prohibition laws.
The Frank Fehr Brewing Company began to convert its second brewery into Frank Fehr Cold Storage, a cold storage facility, in early 1919. 2 3 The company hired Walter W. Ahlschlager of Chicago to design and the Alfred Struck Company to construct the 13-story, reinforced concrete tower at the cost of $1,000,000. 6 The remainder of the brewery buildings were remodeled at the cost of $75,000. The finished cold storage facility was billed as the largest in the South when it opened on February 15, 1921. 7
The conversion of the brewery into a cold storage facility was a wise move as Kentucky voters narrowly approved a state constitutional amendment to ban the sale and distribution of alcohol in the state in November 1919, two months before prohibition began nationwide after the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. 1
The Kentucky Refrigerating Company acquired Frank Fehr Cold Storage in 1927. Kentucky Refrigerating went bankrupt in 1931, and the Merchants Ice & Cold Storage Company purchased the complex out of foreclosure for $249,999 in August. 8
Frank Fehr Brewery was the only Central Consumers brewery to reopen after the repeal of Prohibition with the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment on December 5, 1933. 3 Under the direction of “Colonel” Frank Fehr, son of the founder, production peaked in 1949. The company suffered a drastic decline soon afterward and was bankrupt by 1958. The brewery continued onward with new management but closed in 1964. The last 7,663 barrels of Fehr’s beer were poured into the sewers to save on paying excise taxes. The Fehr Brewery was later the site of Dosker Manor, a low-income housing project.
Merchants Ice and Cold Storage continued to operate at the corner of Logan and Lampton streets until 1998. A redevelopment proposal, dubbed Louisville Lofts, called for the tower and brewery complex to be renovated into a mix of retail and residential. 9 Another proposal called for the complex to be developed into a senior living complex. 10
In June 2020, an investment group called 801 Logan Street LLC, led by Mitchell Kersting and including partners James Duffy, Yong Cha, and Christopher Wirth, purchased the former Merchants Ice and Cold Storage facility and two adjacent buildings for $825,000. 11 The group plans to renovate the abandoned property for new uses. Beargrass Development announced in July 2022 that the cold storage building at 930 Lampton Street would be occupied by Ferncliff Distillery, and the former brewery complex at 827 Logan Street would be occupied by Trellis Brewing Company. 12 13 Ferncliff Distillery previously operated at 930 Lampton Street in the 1870s. 13 In January 2023, it was announced that the cold storage tower would be converted into an office building with ground-floor retail space and a potential rooftop bar or restaurant. 12
- Warren, Jim. “Revisiting Prohibition: Kentucky was ahead of the times.” Herald-Leader [Lexington], 18 Oct. 2011.
- ULPA CS 032870, Caufield & Shook Collection, Photographic Archives, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky.
- “The Schaefer-Meyer Brewing Company.” The Encyclopedia of Louisville, Edited by John E. Kleber, University Press of Kentucky, 2001, p. 118-119.
- “Shelby Street Brewery – KY 50a.” Old Breweries, 2013.
- “The Schaefer Meyer Brewing Co.” Courier-Journal [Louisville], 6 Mar. 1893, p. 5.
- “Storage Plant is Assured City.” Courier-Journal [Louisville], 19 Nov. 1919, p. 12.
- “Huge Storage Plant Soon to be Completed.” Courier-Journal [Louisville], 30 Jan. 1921, p. 6.
- “Merchants Ice Co. Buys Storage Plant.” Courier-Journal [Louisville], 9 Aug. 1931, p. 1.
- Klayko, Branden. “Historic Ice Tower Loses Bricks, Safe From Demo.” Broken Sidewalk, 5 May 2010.
- Wels, Michael C. “An inside tour of Smoketown’s haunting Merchants’ Ice Tower.” Broken Sidewalk, 17 Nov. 2015.
- Otts, Chris and Katrina Helmer. “Buyer of long-vacant ‘ice tower’ in Smoketown plans apartments, commercial space.” WDRB, 6 Jul. 2020.
- Molck, Katie. “Office Building and Retail Space Planned for Merchant’s Ice Tower in Smoketown.” LouToday, 4 Jan. 2023.
- Shadburne, Sarah. “$12 Million Distillery + Brewery Project Coming to Smoketown.” LouToday, 29 Jul. 2022.